History of NSE and BSE in India. Who Control the NSE and BSE?

500 Per Crore / Sep 28, 2021
History of NSE and BSE in India. Who Control the NSE and BSE?

Being an investor are you aware of the role of BSE and NSE in our daily trade. NSE and BSE are the two most popular stock exchanges in our country. BSE and NSE dominates the equity market space. Most of the share transactions in our country are performed through these two stock exchanges. If you are a beginner to the stock market, explore the wide range of trading services offered by 500 per crore. 500 per crore has been one of the leading brokerage firm in India since 2008 and has delivered exceptional service to its investors. Let's have look at the historical importance of these two major stock exchanges in India.


Bombay Stock Exchange(BSE):

BSE or otherwise know as the Bombay Stock Exchange was established in the year 1875 and it's one of the oldest stock exchange in India. In the year 1995, BSE switched its mode of trade to electronic trading. The stock market index on BSE is referred as SENSEX. The stock market index of BSE is measured to be 30 as it is a free float market cap weighted index with top 30 companies. These top 30 companies represents the various sectors of the economy. At present, there are more than 5,500 companies listed in BSE with current market cap of Rs. 90 lakh crores.


National Stock Exchange(NSE):

NSE is also referred as National Stock Exchange and it was established in the year 1992. The stock market index of NSE is NIFTY and it is a free float market cap weighted index with a compromising shares of 50 companies. Bank NIFTY and CNX IT have also gained prominence and is now actively traded in the stock market. In equities derivative market, NSE has a monopoly that stands high among the global exchanges for the contracts it has traded.


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There is common question among the investor who control NSE and BSE. Now, let's have a brief discussion about who controls these stock exchanges:


The Indian Capital markets are monitored and regulated by the regulators listed below:

  1. Honorable Ministry of Finance,
  2. The Securities and Exchange Board Of India (SEBI), and
  3. The Reserve Bank Of India (RBI).


These regulators monitor the growth and development of the securities market and also protect the interests of the investor. These regulators are responsible for,


  • Institutional reforms in the securities market.
  • Helps in building regulatory and market institutions.
  • Improving investor protection mechanism, and
  • Providing legislative framework for securities market.


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